For more than 1500 years Istanbul was the capital of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires.With one arm reaching out to Asia and the other to Europe, Istanbul is the only city in the world built on two continents. The Bosphorus courses the waters of the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara and the Golden Horn through the city's heart. Istanbul's fate has been sealed by its vital strategic location and its enchanting natural beauty. For more than 1500 years it was the capital of three empires: Roman, Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. It was beautified accordingly with magnificent monuments and became a metropolis where diverse cultures, nations and religions mingled. Those cultures, nations and religions are the small pieces that form the mosaic of Istanbul. Istanbul's most important building works started in the Byzantine period and the city was then embellished further during the days of the Ottoman Empire.
Istanbul Airport was founded on October 7, 2013 to construct and operate Istanbul Airport for 25 years. The airport is under construction on an area of 76.5 million square meters to the north of Istanbul, 35 km away from the city center. The construction will be completed in four phases. The first phase was finalized when two runways and a terminal with a passenger capacity of 90 million were commissioned. Once complete, the airport will host flights to more than 300 destinations with an annual capacity of 200 million passengers.
Topkapi Palace or Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi by Turkish language was not only the residence of the Ottoman sultans, but also the administrative and educational centre of the state. Initially constructed between 1460 and 1478 by Sultan Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, and expanded upon and altered many times throughout its long history, the palace served as the home of the Ottoman sultans and their court until the middle of the 19th century. In the early 1850s, the palace became inadequate to the requirements of state ceremonies and protocol, and so the sultans moved to Dolmabahçe Palace, located on the Bosphorus.
The Hagia Sophia, one of the historical architectural wonders that still remains standing today, has an important place in the art world with its architecture, grandness, size and functionality. The Hagia Sophia, the biggest church constructed by the East Roman Empire in Istanbul, has been constructed three times in the same location. When it was first built, it was named Megale Ekklesia (Big Church); however, after the fifth century, it was referred to as the Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom). The church was the place in which rulers were crowned, and it was also the biggest operational cathedral in the city throughout the Byzantine period. The first church was constructed by Emperor Konstantios (337-361) in 360. The first church was covered with a wooden roof and expanded vertically (basilica) yet was burned down after the public riot that took place in 404 as a result of the disagreements between Emperor Arkadios' (395-408) wife empress Eudoksia and Istanbul's patriarch Ioannes Chrysostomos, who was exiled. The patriarch's mosaic portrait can still be viewed at the tymphanon wall located in the northern part of the church. No remains have been recovered from the first church; however, the bricks found in the museum storage branded 'Megale Ekklesia' are predicted to belong to the first construction.
That's. I'm Egyptian and I live in Istanbul . I'm speaking English , Arabic and Turkish. I'm very friendly and I like to know and meet people all over the world . I'm working in Travel Agency as a Tour Guide . That's my private blog . in this blog i'll try make Istanbul in your hand .I will start by famous places in Istanbul. then the traditions and im thinking to write something from my mind.
Enter your e-mail below and get notified on the latest blog posts.